The definition of a mental disorder is important as it relates to the DSM. The overall meaning of what a mental disorder is influences the decisions to include or exclude certain conditions as mental disorders. Scrutiny of this definit...
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...the DSM-5 includes that a mental disorder is a syndrome characterized by a clinically significant disturbance in an individual’s cognition, emotion regulation, or behavior that reflects a dysfunction in the psychological, biological, or developmental processes underlying mental functioning. The inclusion of biological and developmental processes makes the definition more discrete in recognizing a disorder from a non-disorder because most harmful dysfunctions are mediated by biological processes. To my knowledge, the research literature is moving forward in improving and clearly defining what is considered a mental disorder, more so as to avoid identifying normal functioning as pathological functioning. For now, the DSM’s definition of a mental disorder will suffice, but further contemplation and research can spring up ideas to make the definition even more concrete.
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- For decades, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders has been a tool used for clinical assessments and the diagnoses of mental disorders. New editions and revised versions of the DSM either update or delete many classifications and/or the disorders within them, usually based on a consensus among mental health scientists. However, it seems as if some of the content of the DSM has a tenuous relationship with the concept of reliability and validity as it pertains to what is considered a disorder.... [tags: Mental disorder, Psychology]
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