The Interpretation Of Schizophreni Diagnostic And Statistical Manual Of Mental Disorders

The Interpretation Of Schizophreni Diagnostic And Statistical Manual Of Mental Disorders

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In this paper the literal interpretation of schizophrenia will be given; however the broader definition currently used in the healthcare field will be included to give a better understanding of the disorder. The criteria for diagnosis pertaining to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), used by clinicians and researchers to diagnose and classify mental disorders, the most recent being
DSM-V will be included. Symptoms of the disorder and the physical changes in the brain will be explained to include a comparative image from a set of twins, one of which diagnosed schizophrenic and the other healthy. This paper will include genetic factors, the effects the disease has on the individual, their loved ones, the community and the various treatments offered to include pharmacological, and occupational therapy. In the end the paper will include case studies of individuals living with the disorder, including successful outcomes and the treatment used to attain those outcomes. Resources for individuals diagnosed with the disorder, their loved ones and caregivers will be listed at the conclusion of the paper.
Keyword: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders

Split Mind: Living with Schizophrenia as a Young Adult
Schizophrenia is a chronic, severe, and disabling brain disorder (National Institute of Mental Health, 2009). Schizophrenia falls under Axis I: Clinical Disorders; major mental disorders, developmental and learning disorders in
DSM-V. Effecting only 1% of the population, it has a ripple effect in that not only the person afflicted with the disease is affected but also their loved ones and the community they l...

... middle of paper ...

...or maintain a job. Algoia, flat affect and anhedonia send the individual further into isolation. With the changes to the frontal lobe the individual’s decreased cognitive functioning will
effect judgement, the ability to make decisions, the ability to focus and their memory. Inherently they can be prone to make poor choices pertaining to their wellbeing. The inability to deal with a working environment, schedules and the isolation from friends and family can lead to homelessness.
There are various treatment options for schizophrenia, treatment for the disorder is a life long necessity due to the fact the disease is progressive over time. The combination of medication for positive symptoms along with treatment with an Occupational Therapist can be very beneficial for some individuals.

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